A core function of every military organization is to develop leaders. The practice of being fair and consistent. These concepts are more than just words to Marines, they must mean something to every leader in order that they be truly be understood and carried in one’s heart and mind throughout life. One of the things which really struck me about this list was that unlike most of the leadership theories we’ve studied in our PSYCH 485 course, morality seems to be the core focus, referring to the concepts presented in leadership ethics. An Army officer sums up what makes Marines different, “Backbone” USMC Leadership Traits – JJDIDTIEBUCKLE, USMC Tattoo – EGA STENCIL: Eagle Globe & Anchor LINE ART. Bearing Ethics, which is a concept attributed back to ancient philosophers, Plato (427-347 b.c.) Adaptability. Without the aid of references, given a definition, identify the leadership trait. Loyalty is the most common expression of aspects of all Marine Corps leadership traits and characteristics. A hero one day may be a catatonic wreck the next. Courage The leadership traits the USMC espouse are so on the money. By study, instruction, and practice, a reasonably intelligent person can become an effective leader, Officer candidates should be guided in their actions throughout the program by the leadership traits and principles contained in Navy and Marine Corps Directive (NAV MC DIR) 1500.58 Marine Corps Mentoring Program Guidebook and Marine Corps Warfighting Publication (MCWP) 6-11 Leading Marines. Leaders have consistency in crisis and do not over commit. Leadership Trait # 1. Great leaders do both. And beyond all other excellent traits, there is one that not only “fits-in” but “stands-out” as virtue: According to Kohlberg, few adults ever reach the highest level of moral development, wherein the impetus to behave one way or another and the criteria for morals are “based on universal, abstract principles which may transcend the laws of a particular society” and encompass the two stages as follows: “Stage 5: ‘good’ behavior conforms to community standards set through democratic participation. Unselfishness Some are simply marking time, with little or no interest in making valuable contributions to the organization. Candidates, this is the fourth in a series of leadership posts relating specifically to the Marine Corps Leadership traits–the most basic introduction to the Corps’ philosophies that you will learn about at OCS. More often than not, we as “human animals” must fight against our nature of being selfish. Candidates, this is a post in a series of leadership posts relating specifically to the Marine Corps Leadership traits–the most basic introduction to the Corps’ philosophies that you will learn about at OCS. The terms troops, Marines, and employees can be used interchangeably. As a business owner, it is imperative that you respond to the things that happen in your business from day to day. Initiative Without unselfishness, it may be difficult to be dependable. Enthusiasm During the battle of Guadalcanal, Marine John Basilone exemplified endurance when he manned his machine gun non-stop for three days and nights without sleep, rest, or food stalling the efforts of an entire enemy regiment. It is extremely important for each Marine to understand the meaning of each leadership trait and how to develop it so that they may know what goals to set as they work to become a good leader and a good follower. Decisiveness • Make sound and timely decisions. 2. Justice. Northouse (2016) delves into Kohlberg’s classification of moral reasoning in more detail, explaining that individuals who have developed Postconventional morality, are operating on ethical principles that are supported by social contract and based on “internalized universal principles of justice that apply to everyone” (Northouse loc. Leadership. Dye, Julia. Justice, Judgment, Dependability, Initiative, Decisiveness, Tact, Integrity, Endurance, Bearing,... Dependability. A LIFE WELL LIVED. Absent one trait, all the others are affected: the watch loses time, the machine malfunctions. They set an example for others to follow in both attitude and behavior. Leadership Traits The 14 leadership traits are qualities of thought and action which, if demonstrated in daily activities, help Marines earn the respect, confidence, and loyal cooperation of other Marines. - This is one of the most important of the leadership principles. If there is one constant about the fourteen leadership traits recognized by the Marine Corps, it is that not one of them stands alone or above all the others. A lot of people are resistant in the face of change, even if it is just simple disruption to … I appreciated your sharing of the 14 leadership traits valued by the Marine Corps, your clear and concise presentation, and for pointing out the acronym which likely would’ve been missed if you hadn’t. In Northouse (2015) the “great man” theories were discussed. Integrity is the cornerstone of leadership. Leadership Principles and Traits Marine Corps Leadership Principles • Know yourself and seek self-improvement. 14 aspects of leadership, with each letter representing one leadership trait. - A person who knows their job thoroughly and possesses … The leader with integrity can rarely if ever relax a commitment to what he or she believes is the behavior that best reflects those closely held values. Amidst the stress and chaos of combat, there often is no telling how people will react. Sharing knowledge with subordinates can feel to some leaders as though they are giving up control, and they may be loathe to do so. The enduring leader defaults to responsibility. Since these leadership principles of the USMC are so important to each and every Marine to live daily, they have a clever acronym to remember each of the 14 leadership traits. • Know your Marines and look out for their welfare. Timeliness is also important as soundness. Northouse, Peter G.. There’s only one thing that no one can take away from you. Leaders with bearing know where they stand, and they understand the environment in which they work. Tact “Backbone” USMC Leadership Traits – JJDIDTIEBUCKLE JJDIDTIEBUCKLE . Backbone : History, Traditions and Leadership Lessons of Marine Corps NCOs. This guideline doesn’t advise acting in extreme haste; rather, it advises avoiding “analysis Paralysis.” It argues that with 70 percent of the possible knowledge, having completed 70 percent of the analysis, and with a confidence rate of about 70 percent, the time is right to make an informed judgment. Individuals … Subordinates express loyalty to that sort of caring leadership by positively and efficiently carrying out the leader’s orders and instructions. "JJ DID TIE BUCKLE" is a mneumonic device Marines use to remember the Marine Corps.' When we’re enthusiastic about something, we’re willing to sacrifice for it. They look out for the welfare of their teams beyond simple job descriptions, legal concerns, and even their own personal comfort. Until recent reading for this course I never really thought to ask the question that now I can’t stop asking myself…are these traits? In the very idea that you are either born with traits or you are not makes a list of traits closed to any who aspire to grow in their role. Be Technically and Tactically Proficient. Take care of the little things and the big things will take care of themselves. SAGE Publications. In a military environment, identify the leadership traits and principles of the Marine Corps, per the reference ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE(S) 1. They can take your life, they can take your savings, they can take your property, they can take everything you’ve got… but the one thing no one can take from you is you integrity, your honor. “ethics has its roots in the Greek word ethos, which translates to ‘customs’, ‘conduct’, or ‘character’” (as cited in Northouse loc. For Marines, it’s about the mission and keeping the mission central to each tactical decision. Basilone’s asbestos gloves had been lost in the chaos and he used his bare hands to handle the hot guns. Loyalty is the most common expression of aspects of all Marine Corps leadership traits and characteristics. And some people sell it awfully cheap. Descriptively, ethics is about what kind of people leaders are and what they do. "Fortune favors the bold." and Aristotle (384-322 b.c.) You mentioned that these 14 traits of Marine Corps leadership are valued as “qualities of thought and action”, which in other words reflects awareness and service to others, qualities attributed to servant leadership (as cited in Northouse, 2016). To be a great leader, we must get better at many these and then build a team that compliments our weaker areas. Loyalty Leadership is not a thing; it is a relationship. The 14 leadership traits are attributes leaders must posses if they hope to ever gain the respect, and loyalty of their Marines. Northouse (2015) describes the strengths of skills based approach and the first one listed the ability to learn. Initiative is taking action even though you haven’t been given orders. Courage is doing what’s right, adhering to a higher standard of personal conduct; to lead by example and to make tough decisions under stress and pressure. Improvise, Adapt, Overcome! We also get your email address to automatically create an account for you in our website. People who are enthusiastic about their jobs will make personal sacrifices to spend time at work and educate themselves to do a better job. Study the leadership traits and other lessons ahead of time on our academics page.. Marines are taught qualities of Justice, Judgement, Initiative and Decisiveness which all characterize the element of ethics which is to direct and guide people’s conduct, as ethics informs the decisions leaders make or how they respond to different circumstances and situations (Northouse loc. Research indicates that most people make decisions intuitively rather than analytically more than 90 percent of the time. When followers see leaders acting with integrity, they are more likely to want to emulate that quality. Knowledge The most loyal Marine or employee is not necessarily the one who has held the job longest. Initiative (p. 19) I am not sure that was the intention of this list or if we would even want to endorse it as a list of traits with these definitions. Endurance. Bearing Justice Learn usmc leadership traits with free interactive flashcards. Find a way to take the initiative; don’t do it for the recognition or for the glory, do it to help accomplish the mission. Marine Corps Leadership Traits - USMC Sports Leadership Academy Marine Corps Leadership Traits The 14 leadership traits are qualities of thought and action which, if demonstrated in daily activities, help Marines earn the respect, confidence, and loyal cooperation of other Marines. Men and women who are enthusiastic about being Marines understand that sacrifice might come at a very high price. Judgment Courage Those theories that only “great” people possessed a list of traits like this. • Keep your Marines informed. Knowledge goes beyond the facts of the job; it is also knowledge of your team: who they are and what motivates them. The highest echelon of Marine Corps leadership from the Civilian, Enlisted and Officer Corps What really stood out to me in our readings was that Peter Northouse described leadership as a process and isn’t a “linear, one-way event, but rather an interactive event. A just person gives consideration to each side of a situation and bases rewards or punishments on merit. The best way to memorize these traits are with the acronym “JJ DID TIE BUCKLE” LEADERSHIP TRAITS AND PRINCIPLES TERMINAL LEARNING OBJECTIVE(S) 1. 22 … PSYCH 485: Leadership in Work Settings. Think outside the box, try new things, and consider new solutions to existing problems. Absent one trait, all the others are affected: the watch loses time, the machine malfunctions. Previously, I would have labeled them as traits but now I begin to question that terminology. Lack of justice will … Often, leaders must assess situations quickly and without significant time to reflect. Marine Corps leadership traits are relevant in both the Marine Corps and civilian society. Stage 6: ‘good’ behavior is a matter of individual conscience based on responsibly chosen commitments to ethical principles” (PSU WC lesson 14, 2016). The Marine Corps seeks to instill leadership in each and every single Marine as they progress through Recruit Training or Officer Candidate School. Decisiveness In many military situations, a timely, though inferior, decision is better than a long-delayed theoretically correct, decision. When asked questions you respond truthfully at all times. Moreover, the qualities which you indicated are meant to dignify persons affiliated with the Marines, as well as equip them with the attitude and view of the world that reflects those virtuous characteristics. Rather, the best leaders are the ones who make knowledge available to their teams and understand how best to deploy that knowledge in the best possible manner. The higher the stage, the more progressed and complex a person is capable of reasoning, in Kohlberg’s view. Even when the requirements are difficult, enthusiastic leaders set aside any negative aspects of the mission and focus on the positive energy they can bring to the table. Marines say that’s totally unacceptable. In reality, though, leaders are not effective because they are the knowledge holders. A physician can almost always diagnose a patient’s illness by what kinds of medications a patient is taking. Amidst the stress and chaos of combat, there often is no telling how people will react. Dependability In the midst of chaos and uncertainty, one thing is certain: Marines depend on the sense of order that comes from discipline, fortitude and moral courage. There is concern with maintaining self-respect and the respect of equals. It takes more than a little self-discipline. The Marine Corps refers to the “70 Percent Solution,” meaning an imperfect solution that can be acted upon quickly, rather than waiting for the perfect judgment – which may never come. But it works, and a show of enthusiasm often leads to truly inspirational behavior. If you do bad, you will be held accountable. Unselfishness May 22, 2016 by Michael David Fry 3 Comments. She writes: “If there is one constant about the fourteen leadership traits recognized by the Marine Corps, it is that not one of them stands alone or above all the others. I know it’s such a picky thing but if we use the definitions provided to us I am not sure these are traits which is not a judgmental statement. If something must be done, then it must be done, even if the best resources or relevant training aren’t available. The precursor to the Marine Corps' 14 Leadership Traits (Bearing, Courage, Decisiveness, Dependability, Endurance, Enthusiasm, Initiative, Integrity, Judgment, Justice, Knowledge, Loyalty, Tact, and Unselfishness) originally appeared in the Department of the Army Pamphlet No. You have to voluntarily give that up. In a similar way, an outsider can to a large degree tell what kind of leader a person is by the character values they adhere to. I highly recommend acquiring a copy of the book for reference and for the great history lessons. BACKBONE is a fantastic book (Julia Dye, Ph.D., 2011) about those leadership traits and includes fitting stories of iconic Leathernecks and others who signified those traits in their actions in and out of combat. Given that background, the tactful leader chooses the language or behavior that will help the people in his audience to motivate themselves. In the Marines, we had an acronym, JJDIDTIEBUCKLE, to help us recall the 14 leadership traits of the Corps: judgment, justice, decisiveness, initiative, dependability, tact, integrity, endurance… Enthusiasm But this does not mean Marines spend their entire time in the Corps locked at attention. Justice You are the one leading the way and if you are not … Leadership: Theory and Practice (Kindle Locations). Today’s complex and knowledge-intensive world requires the kind of bottom-up leadership that Marine NCO’s undertake every day. This opportunity to look at this list of skills and consider my own organizational language is very helpful. Tact is the ability to say something or make a point in such a way that not only is the other person not offended; they are totally receptive. TO make a sound decision, you should know your mission, what you are capable of doing to accomplish it, what means you have to accomplish it, and what possible impediments or obstacles exist (in combat, these would be enemy capabilities) that might stand in the way. If something needs correcting, correct it. Once your account is created, you'll be logged-in to this account. It is the inner strength that enables a Marine to take that extra step. I read it a couple of times to reflect how my own organization values this list and whether we had appropriately articulated those traits or not. Without knowledge, it’s tough to make solid judgment calls. Ethical theories, Northouse (2016) describes as falling into two broad categories, either the aspect of a leader’s conduct or character. Your post was very interesting to me. This is a cooler way of saying that you make your own luck. 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